Commercialization has been one of the main causes of professionalism in New Zealand footballmanagement. The presence of strategic planning Mario Gotze Jersey , marketing strategies and human resource strategies in sport management leads to the improvements seen today in professional practice. Professionalism in sports has been facilitated by two main factors. The first factor is the growing number of programs of training and education for individuals who want to be sports managers. This can be seen in the increase in the number of programs and <"http:www.cfa.org.nz">football holiday programmes management worldwide.
The second factor is the academic study of sport management has initiated and carried out research aimed at the evaluation and analysis of management in sports organizations. Sport management has adopted strategies such as tighter financial controls, quality management and performance management. They have also embraced human resources strategies, to deal with personal and people skills in the execution of good generic managerial skills.
Professionalism in sports has helped sports organizations to provide considerable entertainment to their fans as well as provide a source of revenue for the owners and the players. According to New Zealand football professional sports are considered entertainment because it makes money. He suggested that there are three aspects of sport as an entertainment:
The unpredictability of the results in the competition is considered as an essential ingredient in Christchurch football clubsport entertainment. The level of excellence achieved by the players or athletes during the contests increases the value of entertainment during these competitions. This is one of the major reasons why professional sports are more entertaining than amateur sports. Sport management has devised strategies to ensure that their teams perform to expected levels of excellence by buying established or upcoming talents. In the English premier league, they have an elaborate scouting system to identify outstanding and upcoming talents from all over the world.
Although the Christchurch football club contest is usually the core of the event, there is usually some form of spectacle associated with it. For example, the spectacle in the Olympic Games is the opening and closing ceremonies, in football, rugby and basketball the spectacle is in the half –times shows.
Football holiday programmes offer an avenue through which people can meet not only for the contest or spectacle but for social purposes. This can be seen in various sports organizations where they have used strategies that encourage fan identity; this has been seen specifically in football, baseball, rugby and basketball. Sports leagues have been organized in many different ways, in line with the overall strategy of the sports industry and to complement sports organization participating in it. Team sports require the coordination of at least two different entities.
By Shristi Kafle
KATHMANDU, June 27 (Xinhua) -- Fourteen years ago when Aanik Rana Magar revealed her sexual orientation to be that of a female transgender, many raised their eyebrows in cynicism.
The conservative society in her home town in western Nepal found it tough to accept that Aanik whom they known as a male had a female body and instincts.
It was in 2003 when Aanik became a member of the Blue Diamond Society, an organization working for the rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Inter-sexual (LGBTI) and revealed her real identity.
It has only been two years since 35-year-old Aanik gained both citizenship and passport under the "others" or "O" category. To the surprise of many, she has become the first transgender woman to run in the local level elections that took place in the country after a 20-year hiatus.
Aanik is a candidate for the chairperson in ward 8 of the Tilotama municipality, located in Ruapandehi district from the former Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai-led Naya Shakti Nepal party.
"I believe my nomination can bring some positive changes in the outlook of society towards the LGBTI community. It can also work to encourage people who have been hiding their identity out of social fear," Aanik told Xinhua in a recent phone interview.
Aanik, who has been busy for weeks in campaigning for the elections, said she received positive response and wishes from the people in her community.
"I may win, I may lose, and that's not a big deal. For me, my candidacy itself is a victory against society," Aanik said confidently.
Being an only child and having lost both her father and mother decades back, Aanik thinks Nepal still has a lot to do regarding the implementation of rights provided to sexual minorities.
Nepal is regarded as one of the most progressive countries in Asia to recognize LGBTI rights as the country's constitution prohibits discrimination against sexual minorities and has special legal provisions for their protection, empowerment and advancement.
Nepal is also the first country in South Asia to ensure LGBTI rights in the constitution. Nepal has already given recognition to a third gender category on its citizenship card and passport. However, there are many complaints that the implementation has been poor.
"To change from male to the 'others' category as a citizen and for my passport, I even had to file a writ with the Supreme Court. The process is tough at the grass root level where the government officers are not yet unaware about the new provisions. I want to make things easier for my fellow friends," Aanik told Xinhua.
Earlier, in the first phase of elections, a similar problem occurred when third gender Badri Pun was barred from contesting in the poll, with officials citing the gender identity problem in the official documents.
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